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Trade

Negotiations and agreements

Trade topics
Negotiations and agreements

Agreements in focus

Overview of ongoing bilateral and regional negotiations 

Map: State of play of EU trade agreements with third countries

Agreements in place

Albania (Western Balkans)Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2009
AlgeriaAssociation AgreementIn force since 2005
AndorraCustoms unionIn force since 1991
Antigua and Barbuda (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
ArmeniaComprehensive and Enhanced Partnership AgreementProvisionally applies since June 2018
AzerbaijanPartnership and Cooperation AgreementIn force since 1999, negotiations on modernisation began in 2017, on hold since 2019
Bahamas (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Barbados (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Belize (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkans)Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2015
Botswana (SADC)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
Cameroon (Central Africa)Interim Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2014
CanadaComprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)Provisionally applied since 2017
ChileAssociation Agreement and Additional ProtocolIn force since 2003, negotiations on modernisation began in 2017, on hold since 2019
Colombia (with Ecuador and Peru)Trade AgreementProvisionally applied since 2013
Comoros (ESA)Interim Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2019, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Costa Rica (Central America)Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa)Stepping stone Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2016
Dominica (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Dominican Republic (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Ecuador (with Colombia and Peru)Trade AgreementProvisionally applied since 2013
EgyptAssociation AgreementIn force since 2004
El Salvador (Central America)Association Agreement with a strong trade componentProvisionally applied since 2013
Eswatini (SADC)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
Faroe IslandsAgreementIn force since 1997
Fiji (Pacific)Interim Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2014
GeorgiaAssociation AgreementIn force since 2016
Ghana (West Africa)Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement provisionally appliedProvisionally applied since 2016
Grenada (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Guatemala (Central America)Association Agreement with a strong trade componentProvisionally applied since 2013
Guyana (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Honduras (Central America)Association Agreement with a strong trade componentProvisionally applied since 2013
IcelandEconomic Area AgreementIn force since 1994
IsraelAssociation AgreementIn force since 2000
IraqPartnership and Cooperation Agreement Provisionally applied since 2012
Jamaica (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
JapanGlobal agreementIn force since 2019
JordanAssociation AgreementIn force since 2002
KazakhstanEnhanced Partnership and Cooperation AgreementProvisionally applied since 2016
Kosovo*Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2016
LebanonAssociation AgreementIn force since 2006
Lesotho (SADC)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
LiechtensteinEconomic Area AgreementIn force since 1995
Madagascar (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Mauritius (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
MexicoGlobal AgreementIn force since 2000, negotiations on modernisation began in 2016, ‘Agreement in principle’ on the trade part reached in 2018
MoldovaAssociation AgreementIn force since 2016
Montenegro (Western Balkans)Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2010
MoroccoAssociation AgreementIn force since 2000, negotiations on modernisation began in 2013, on hold since 2014
Mozambique (SADC)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
Namibia (SADC)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
Nicaragua (Central America)Association Agreement with a strong trade componentProvisionally applied since 2013
North Macedonia (Western Balkans)Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2004
NorwayEconomic Area AgreementIn force since 1994
Palestinian AuthorityInterim Association AgreementIn force since 1997
Papua New Guinea (with Fiji)Interim Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2013
Madagascar (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2009
Peru (with Colombia and Ecuador)Trade AgreementProvisionally applied since 2013
Samoa (Pacific)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2018
San MarinoCustoms unionIn force since 1991
Serbia (Western Balkans)Stabilisation and Association AgreementIn force since 2013
Seychelles (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
SingaporeFree Trade AgreementIn force since 2019
Solomon Islands (PacificEconomic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2020
South AfricaEconomic Partnership AgreementProvisionnaly applied since 2016
South KoreaFree Trade AgreementIn force since 2015
St Kitts and Nevis (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
St Lucia (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
St Vincent and the Grenadines (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
Suriname (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
SwitzerlandAgreementIn force since 1973
Trinidad and Tobago (CARIFORUM)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2008
TunisiaAssociation AgreementIn force since 1998, negotiations on modernisation began in 2015, on hold since 2019
TurkeyCustoms unionIn force since 1995
UkraineDeep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement
Association Agreement
Provisionally applied since 2016
United Kingdom Trade and Cooperation AgreementIn force since 2021
VietnamFree Trade AgreementIn force since 2020
Zimbabwe (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementProvisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019

Agreement being adopted or ratified

In some circumstances trade negotiations with a trade partner have been concluded, but have not been either signed or ratified yet. This means that although the negotiations have finished, no part of the agreement is in place yet.

Country (Region)Agreement pendingStatus
Argentina(Mercosur)Mercosur Association AgreementNegotiations concluded in June 2019
Benin (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Brazil(Mercosur)Mercosur Association AgreementNegotiations concluded in June 2019
Burkina Faso (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Burundi (EAC)Economic partnership AgreementHas not signed or ratified agreement
Cabo Verde (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Gambia (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Guinea (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Guinea-Bisseau (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Haiti (CARIFORUM)Preferential trade agreement under adoption/ratificationHas not signed or ratified agreement
Kenya (EAC)Economic partnership AgreementSigned and ratified, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify
Liberia (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Mali (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Mauritania (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Niger (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Nigeria (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementHas not signed or ratified agreement
Paraguay(Mercosur)Mercosur Association AgreementNegotiations concluded in June 2019
Rwanda (EAC)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify
Senegal (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Sierra Leone (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Tanzania (EAC)Economic partnership AgreementHas not signed or ratified agreement
Togo (West Africa)Economic partnership AgreementSigned, awaiting signature from all parties
Uganda (EAC)Economic partnership AgreementHas not signed or ratified agreement
Uruguay(Mercosur)Mercosur Association AgreementNegotiations concluded in June 2019

Agreements being negotiated

The EU has trade agreements in place with these countries/regions, but both sides are now negotiating an update.

Country (Region)New agreement being negotiatedStatus
AustraliaAustralia AgreementNegotiations launched in 2018
ChinaEU-China investment agreementNegotiations launched in 2013
IndonesiaFree Trade AgreementNegotiations launched in 2016
New ZealandNew Zealand AgreementNegotiations launched in 2018
PhilippinesFree Trade AgreementNegotiations launched in 2015

Agreements on hold

Country (Region)AgreementStatus
Bahrain (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Central African Republic (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Chad (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Congo (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Djibouti (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Equatorial Guinea (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Ethiopia (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Gabon (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
IndiaFree Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 2007, last round in 2013
Kuwait (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Malawi (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
MalaysiaFree Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 2010, paused since 2012
MyanmarInvestment protection agreementNegotiations launched in 2015
Oman (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Qatar (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Republic Democratic of Congo (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
São Tomé & Principe (Central Africa)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Saudi Arabia (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Somalia (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Sudan (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
ThailandFree Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 2013, no negotiations scheduled since 2014
United Arab Emirates (GCC)Free Trade AgreementNegotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Zambia (ESA)Economic Partnership AgreementNegotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011