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The Association Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova was signed in June 2014 and has been in full effect since July 2016.
Since the Agreement's provisional application since September 2014 Moldova has benefitted from a (DCFTA) with the EU.
Trade agreements with Georgia and Moldova – evaluation
This preferential trade system has allowed Moldova to benefit from reduced or eliminated tariffs for its goods, an increased services market and better investment conditions.
- The European Union is Moldova's biggest trade partner, accounting for 52.2% of its total trade, followed by Russia (10.5%) and China (8.3%). Around 63% of Moldovan exports are destined for the EU market.
- Moldova ranks 56th among the EU's trade partners, with a total turnover of around €5 billion in 2021.
- The EU's exports to Moldova amounted in 2021 to €3.8 billion, an increase of about 22% from 2020. Key EU exports are machinery and appliances, and mineral products.
- The EU's imports from Moldova increased by 13.4% in 2020-2021, from €1.61 billion to €1.83 billion in 2021, showing growth after small decreases in the previous two years. The main EU imports from Moldova are electrical machinery and appliances, base metals and articles thereof, and vegetable products.
The EU and Moldova
EU-Moldova trade relations are determined by the free trade area set up by the DCFTA part of the Association Agreement.
The DCFTA sets up a free-trade area between the EU and Moldova in line with the principles of the World Trade Organisation.
The DCFTA allows for:
- The removal of import duties for most goods traded between the EU and Moldova
- Provides for broad mutual access to trade in services for both partners
- Both EU and Moldovan companies can create a subsidiary or a branch office on a non-discriminatory basis. This means they receive the same treatment as domestic companies in the partner's market when setting up a business.
An important part of the DCFTA is aligning Moldovan trade-related laws to selected EU legislative acts. The aim of Moldova's adoption of EU approaches to policy-making is to improve governance, strengthen the rule of law and provide more economic opportunities by widening the EU market to Moldovan goods and services.
Temporary measures in support of Moldovan exports to the EU
The EU has adopted a regulation which provides temporary additional trade liberalisation for Moldovan agricultural products for one year. The measures will be in force until 24 July 2023.
The regulation is just one of the measures adopted by the EU as part of its solidarity with the region in the context of the Russian war of aggression in Ukraine.
More information: Monitoring data on imports from Moldova into the EU subject to trade liberalisation measures
Moldova and European Neighbourhood Policy
Moldova is a partner country of the Eastern Partnership within the European Neighbourhood Policy. In 2014, the EU and Moldova agreed an Association Agenda, which will be soon replaced by a new Agenda. The Agenda outlines the priorities for reform in Moldova and is based on the commitments included in the 2014 Association Agreement. The reform progress in Moldova is documented by the EU in the annual implementation reports.
Committees and Dialogues
The EU and Moldova meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices and oversee the proper functioning of the Agreement.
Technical committee meetings - agendas and reports
Trading with Moldova
- Importing into the EU from Moldova
- Exporting from the EU to Moldova
- Trade relations are part of the EU's overall political and economic relations with Moldova
- Moldova is a member of the World Trade Organization
- Trade SIA in support of negotiations of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and respectively Georgia and Moldova
Customs: new agreement to improve trade flows between the EU and Moldova enters into force on 1 November
A new agreement between the EU and Republic of Moldova will enter into force on 1 November 2022, improving trade facilitation for businesses.
EU facilitates increased exports for Moldovan agricultural products
The European Commission has today proposed a regulation allowing for temporary improved market access for the remaining seven products from Moldova which are still subject to tariff rate quotas when entering the EU.
EU opens door to further duty-free imports from Republic of Moldova
On 19 December 2019, the Council of the EU has formally endorsed an agreement granting Moldovan farmers and SMEs additional preferential export opportunities to the EU.