- Country or region
- African, Caribbean, Pacific (ACP)Central Africa
- Trade topics
- Economic PartnershipsTrade policy
The EU and Cameroon concluded negotiations on an interim Economic Partnership Agreement in December 2007. The European Parliament approved the agreement in June 2013 and it was ratified by Cameroon in July 2014.
Central Africa countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo - Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Principe
- Oil is the main export from the Central African countries to the EU (41%). Other main regional exports are copper, wood, cocoa, bananas, and diamonds.
- The main imports from the EU into the Central African region are machinery and mechanical appliances, equipment, vehicles, foodstuffs and pharmaceutical products.
The EU and Central Africa
The EU and Cameroon concluded negotiations on an interim Economic Partnership Agreement in 2007. The European Parliament approved the agreement in June 2013 and it was ratified by Cameroon in July 2014.
This agreement lets all goods from Cameroon enter the EU duty and quota-free, and gradually removes duties and quotas over 15 years on 80% of EU exports to Cameroon. It covers trade in goods, aid for trade, institutional issues and dispute settlement.
The interim EPA is a ‘stepping-stone’ agreement. This means the EU and partner countries can deepen the agreement through ‘rendez-vous’ clauses which allow further negotiations on trade-related issues like services, competition, intellectual property, etc.
Other countries of the region have not yet signed the Economic Partnership Agreement.
Chad, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo and São Tomé and Principe, benefit from duty-free, quota-free EU access under the EU's Everything but Arms scheme.
Congo (Brazzaville) trades with the EU under the EU's Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP).
As upper-middle income countries according to the World Bank classification, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea are not eligible for the GSP or any other preferential EU import regime anymore (since 2014 for Gabon and 2021 for Equatorial Guinea).
The EU and the Central African regional organisations (CEMAC and ECCAS) are studying the possibility to reach a comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement through the stepping-stone agreement already used by Cameroon.
- APE Cameroun: Déclaration officielle démantèlement tarifaire
- APE Cameroun: Note technique sur le démantèlement tarifaire
- APE Cameroun: Offre d'accès au marché transposée en SH2017
- Rapport conjoint de monitoring de l'APEi UE-Cameroun
Committees and Dialogues
The EU and Central Africa meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices and oversee the proper functioning of the agreement.
Trading with Central Africa
- Importing into the EU from Central Africa
- EU trade defence measures on imports from Central Africa
- Exporting from the EU to Central Africa
- Trade relations are part of the EU's overall political and economic relations with Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo Brazzaville, Gabon
- EU-Central Africa (Cameroon) Economic Partnership Agreement: Creating opportunities for EU and African businesses (factsheet)
- See how the interim Economic Partnership Agreement is benefiting exporters in Central Africa
Commission reports on ninth negotiation round with five Eastern and Southern African countries to deepen existing EPA
The European Commission has published the report summarising progress made during the latest negotiation round to deepen the existing Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with five Eastern and Southern African partners.
The EU concludes today the first round of negotiations to deepen the existing Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with five Eastern and Southern Africa partners (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe).
The second meeting of the EPA Committee under the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between Ghana and the EU was held in Brussels on 29th November 2019.