A safeguard investigation may lead to quantitative restrictions on imports of the investigated product (import or tariff quota) from any non-EU country and surveillance (a system of automatic import licensing).
Import quotas should not be lower than the average level of imports over the last three representative years for which statistics are available.
In several cases, the Commission has imposed tariff quotas allowing imports in excess of the quota, subject to additional duty
The 2022 report on the EU's trade defence activities, adopted today, shows that the European Commission has continued to be active and assertive in defending EU producers against unfair trade practices in 2022 by robustly applying the legislation and ensuring that measures are effective.
The European Commission has doubled its anti-dumping duties on optical fibre cables from China, following an investigation which found that Chinese exporters of optical fibre cables were attempting to impede the effects of the original measures.
The European Commission has renewed anti-dumping duties on imports of tungsten carbide from China for another five years, following an investigation which showed that EU industry would sustain injury from dumped imports if the measures were to lapse.