A safeguard investigation may lead to quantitative restrictions on imports of the investigated product (import or tariff quota) from any non-EU country and surveillance (a system of automatic import licensing).
Import quotas should not be lower than the average level of imports over the last three representative years for which statistics are available.
In several cases, the Commission has imposed tariff quotas allowing imports in excess of the quota, subject to additional duty
Today, the European Commission imposed anti-dumping duties on fatty acid from Indonesia. This follows an investigation which showed that EU industry was being harmed by dumped imports because it could not compete on price, resulting in a market share loss.
The Commission today imposed anti-dumping duties on imports of aluminium road wheels originating in Morocco. An investigation found that imports from Morocco were being dumped on the EU market and as such were harming the EU industry, which employs 17,000 people.