A safeguard investigation may lead to quantitative restrictions on imports of the investigated product (import or tariff quota) from any non-EU country and surveillance (a system of automatic import licensing).
Import quotas should not be lower than the average level of imports over the last three representative years for which statistics are available.
In several cases, the Commission has imposed tariff quotas allowing imports in excess of the quota, subject to additional duty
The Commission has imposed provisional anti-dumping duties on imports of certain polyethylene terephthalate (‘PET’) plastic products from China, defending EU companies and more than 1,500 jobs. The EU market of PET has a value of over €5.5 billion.
The 2022 report on the EU's trade defence activities, adopted today, shows that the European Commission has continued to be active and assertive in defending EU producers against unfair trade practices in 2022 by robustly applying the legislation and ensuring that measures are effective.