- Trade topics
- Trade in waste
The Green Deal, the Circular Economy Action Plan, and the Zero Pollution Action Plan, among others, call on the EU to facilitate shipments of waste destined for re-use and recycling so that it can better take care of its own waste. Therefore the Commission is proposing to revise the Waste Shipment Regulation.
Trade in waste in a nutshell
- Non-hazardous waste contains valuable secondary raw materials. As natural resources are scarce, the importance of these materials is growing. Waste has become a major trading good.
- The OECD has established a control mechanism for trade in waste among OECD countries. The EU also regulates exports of non-hazardous waste for recovery to countries outside the OECD, to help these countries ensure that they import only the waste they have agreed to, and that it is managed in an environmentally sustainable way.
EU trade policy and waste shipment
Regulation (EC) 1418/2007 sets out the control procedures for the export of non-hazardous waste for recovery (recycling) from the EU to non-OECD countries. The Regulation was established on the basis of information received from countries of destination about their control procedures for the import of non-hazardous wastes.
The latest update was made through Regulation (EU) 2021/1840. It was adopted on 20 October 2021 and entered into force on 10 November 2021.
More on Trade in waste
- The 'mother' regulation (Regulation 1013/2006) and its amendments
- How to export for recovery non-hazardous waste to certain non-OECD countries (Regulation 1418/2007 and its amendments)
- Basel Convention on the control of cross-border movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal
- OECD Decision on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Wastes Destined for Recovery Operations