Skip to main content

WT/DS613 - Measures concerning the importation of citrus fruit from South Africa

WTO dispute settlement case - Complaint against the EU

Country or region
  • South Africa
Trade topics
  • Dispute settlement
Dispute settlement
  • WTO - Complaint against the EU

Summary of the case

  • Complaint by: South Africa
  • Complaint against: EU
  • Third parties: No third party

South Africa requested consultations with the European Union with regard to the European Union's regime governing the importation of citrus fruits from South Africa.

South Africa claims that the EU phytosanitary requirements relating to Thaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) impose import restrictions on the importation of South African citrus fruit.

In particular, South Africa challenges EU requirements in place since 14 July 2022, that imports of citrus fruit must undergo specified mandatory cold treatment processes and precooling steps for specific periods (up to 25 days of cold treatment) before importation.

Relevant WTO provision: Articles 1.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 6.1, 6.2, 7, 8, 10.1, and 10.2 and paragraph 2 of Annex B and Annex C of the SPS Agreement and Articles I:1, III:4, X:3(a) and XI:1 of GATT 1994.



  • Consultations requested: 22 July 2021


Full case details and WTO documents on the WTO website

Latest news

  • News article

In a ruling published on 5 March 2024, the World Trade Organization (WTO) upheld the EU’s ability to take environmental and climate-based action under the Renewable Energy Directive (‘RED II’).

  • 2 min read
  • Press release

The World Trade Organization (WTO) has today confirmed that the EU was right to challenge the US for not complying with a ruling relating to ripe olives from Spain. Today's WTO panel report presents again a clear and full win for the EU.

  • 1 min read

Latest events