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Ex-post evaluations

Ex-post evaluations are used throughout the European Commission to assess whether a specific intervention was justified and whether it worked (or is working) as expected in achieving its objectives and why.

Trade topics
  • Trade policy

Ex-post evaluations also look for unintended effects (i.e. those which were not anticipated at the time of the Impact Assessment or Sustainability Impact Assessment) and look for evidence of causality.


How are the evaluations carried out?

Evaluations are prepared by Commission services in accordance with the related Better Regulation Guidelines and Better Regulation Toolbox. Results of the evaluation work are summarised in a Commission Staff Working document.

When part, or all of, the evaluation work was outsourced to an external consultant, their evaluation report is published as well.

Better Regulation Agenda

The Better Regulation Agenda is about designing and evaluating EU policies and laws transparently.

Better regulation: why and how

Ongoing evaluations


Evaluation of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement


Evaluation of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

Impact of the EU’s agreements on key environmental aspects, including the climate

Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Evaluation of the EU-SADC Economic Partnership Agreement

Final report:

Interim report:

Completed evaluations

2023/10: Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

Evaluation of the EU-Colombia/Ecuador/Peru Trade Agreement

More information about the EU-Colombia-Ecuador-Peru ex-post evaluation

Staff Working Document:

Main report – October 2023

Executive Summary (other languages) – October 2023

Final report:

Interim report:

2023/9: Georgia and Moldova

Evaluation of the EU-Georgia and the EU-Moldova Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas

2023/06: Evaluation of the EU-Central America Association Agreement

Staff Working Document:

Main Report – June 2023

Executive Summary (other languages) – June 2023

Final Report:


Interim Report:

2021/03: Evaluation of six Euro-Med FTAs

Evaluation of the trade component of the EU's Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements with six Mediterranean partner countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia)

2021/01: EU-Cariforum EPA

Evaluation of the CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement

2020/08: Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP)

Interim evaluation of the EU Regulation No 978/2012 on a scheme of generalised tariff preferences (GSP Regulation)

2019/03: EU-Korea FTA

Evaluation of the Free Trade Agreement between the EU and its Member States and the Republic of Korea

2017/02: EU-Mexico FTA

Ex-post evaluation of the implementation of the EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement

2015/09: Key medicines

Evaluation of Council Regulation (EC) No. 953/2003 to avoid trade diversion into the European Union of certain key medicines

2014/09: EU-Cariforum EPA

Monitoring the implementation and results of the Cariforum-EU EPA

2012/03: EU-Chile

Evaluation of the economic impact of the Trade Pillar of the EU-Chile Association Agreement

Tune in to trade policy insights

Picture of Valdis Dombrovskis

What does it take to steer EU trade policy through the challenges of our times?

Executive Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis shares his insights into the inner workings of EU trade policy.

19/10/2023 | Episode 1 | 31 minutes

Picture of Denis Redonnet, Martin Lukas and Carolina Cumbo Nacheli

What does it take to defend open trade and help European companies compete fairly on the global market?

Tom Moylan meets the European Commission’s Chief Trade Enforcement Officer Denis Redonnet and two seasoned trade defence experts.

28/11/2023 | Episode 2 | 34 minutes

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