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EU-Japan agreement chapter-by-chapter

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The negotiations between the EU and Japan on the Economic Partnership Agreement (the EPA) have been finalised and the legal revision of the texts has been completed. In view of the Commission's transparency policy, we are hereby publishing the texts of the EPA as they stand after the legal revision. The texts are published for information purposes only and may undergo further modifications.

The texts will be binding upon the Parties under international law only after completion by each Party of its internal legal procedures necessary for the entry into force of the Agreement.

Text of the agreement


Chapter 1    General provisions

Chapter 2    Trade in goods

Chapter 3    Rules of origin and origin procedures

Chapter 4    Customs matters and trade facilitation

Chapter 5    Trade remedies

Chapter 6    Sanitary and phytosanitary measures

Chapter 7    Technical barriers to trade

Chapter 8    Trade in services, investment liberalisation and electronic commerce

Chapter 9    Capital movements, payments and transfers and temporary safeguard measures

Chapter 10  Government procurement

Chapter 11  Competition policy

Chapter 12  Subsidies

Chapter 13  State-owned enterprises, enterprises granted special rights or privileges and designated monopolies

Chapter 14  Intellectual property

Chapter 15  Corporate governance

Chapter 16  Trade and sustainable development

Chapter 17  Transparency

Chapter 18  Good regulatory practices and regulatory cooperation

Chapter 19  Cooperation in the field of agriculture

Chapter 20  Small and medium-sized enterprises

Chapter 21  Dispute settlement

Chapter 22  Institutional provisions

Chapter 23  Final provisions

Annexes (only the existing Annexes are listed):

Annex 2-A Tariff elimination and reduction

Part 1  General notes

Part 2  Tariff elimination and reduction – the European Union (includes the European Schedule)

Part 3  Tariff elimination and reduction - Japan (Notes for the Schedule of Japan)

(NB: This part contains in particular the description of the 25 TRQs (tariff rate quotas) conceded by Japan to the EU on agricultural and processed agricultural products.)

Part 4  Japanese schedule

(NB: All tariff lines not specifically mentioned in the EU and in the Japanese schedules will be duty-free at the entry into force of the agreement)

Annex 2-B to E

Annex 3

Annex 6 Food additives

Annex 8

Annex 10  Government procurement

Annex 14

Annex 23  Joint declaration

IMPORTANT: Appendices 2-C-1 and 2-C-2 of the Agreement (on motor vehicles and parts), as well as Annexes 14-A and 14-B (on geographical indications), have been amended by means of Decisions 1/2021, 2/2021 and 1/2022 of the EU-Japan EPA Joint Committee.

Agreement in Principle

The agreement in principle – shared with the EU’s Member States and the European Parliament in July of 2017 when a political agreement was reached, this document sets out what is in the agreement.