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WT/DS166 - United States - Definitive safeguard measures on imports of wheat gluten from EC

WTO dispute settlement case - Launched by the EU

Country or region
United States
Trade topics
Dispute settlement
Dispute settlement
WTO - Case launched by the EU

Summary of the case

  • Complaint by: EU
  • Complaint against: United States
  • Third parties: Australia, Canada, New Zealand

In May 1998, the US imposed a safeguard measure on imports of wheat gluten originating in third countries except NAFTA and developing countries. The measure takes the form of a 57.521 metric tonnes quota (rising annually by 6%) applicable from 1 June 1998 to 1 June 2001. The way the level of the quota has been set and allocated has reduced the market share of the EC exporters by 40%.

Relevant WTO provision: Safeguards (2.1, 4, 5, 8, 12); Agriculture (4.2); GATT (I, XIX)


EC re-balancing measure on imports of US corn gluten feed entered into force on 24 Jan. 2001 (tariff rate quota of ¿5 on US corn gluten feed imports, up to a level of 2.73 million tonnes). US has requested WTO consultation on 25 Jan. 2001 against the re-balancing measure (see DS 223). Reasonable period of time for implementation mutually agreed (4 months). The ITC has recommended to the President to extend the measure.

  • Consultations requested: 17 March 1999
  • Panel requested: 03 June 1999
  • Panel established: 26 July 1999
  • Panel report circulated: 31 July 2000
  • Appeal requested: 26 September 2000
  • Appeal report circulated: 22 December 2000
  • Panel/Appellate Body report adopted: 19 January 2001
  • Implementation deadline: 02 June 2001


Full case details and WTO documents on the WTO website

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